Information about Berlin

Berlin is not only the capital city of Germany but at the same time the biggest city of the Federal Republic with over 889 square kilometers. At the moment there are living about 3.5 million people.

It is located in central Europe, longitude 13:25 E, latitude 52:32 N, 34 m above sea level, at the rivers Spree and Havel. The local time zone is Central European Time (MEZ or MET, one hour in advance of GMT, i.e., MEZ = GMT+1) with daylight savings time in the summer (MESZ = GMT+2).

As capital city, Berlin has a very turbulent and diverse past, which can be seen and felt even today at many places in the city.

Simultaneously the city is full of live and brings together a lot of different trends and worlds. In few other German cities there can be found more different people and that many styles as there are in Berlin. It is this diversity and the pure happiness for live that rules the city and makes it unique.



Berlin also is a city of young people and students. Many young Germans want to come to Berlin for their studies and there are also a lot of foreign students coming to Germany and get excited for the atmosphere and the attitude towards life they find in Berlin.

Even in the ancient times of the city different sovereigns and kings, like for example Friedrich III., have chosen Berlin as their headquarters. The city was growing rapidly and during the Industrial Revolution it had become the fourth largest city in Europe. This growth continued during the German Reich and the Weimar Republic. During the Third Reich Berlin was going through bad times and was headquarters for the Nazi propaganda. During the Second World War the city center was almost completely destroyed. After the war ended Berlin was divided in different zones that later formed the separation in DDR and BRD. Some 50 years later Germany and Berlin were separated till in 1990 there was the reunification.



All these developments, strokes of fate but also achievements can be seen in several museums in Berlin. The history of Berlin is very close to the history of Germany and many memories are kept alive as for example parts of the berlin Wall which can be seen in many places of the city.

These parts of the Berlin Wall can be counted to the most popular sights in Berlin, but there are many more. The most popular square in the city is the Alexanderplatz, it also contains the Fernsehturm, the Brunnen der Völkerfreundschaft and the Weltzeituhr. The Fernsehturm is one of the town’s landmarks and also a great viewing balcony. One of the most famous sights is of course the Brandenburger Tor. This symbol of the German reunification is an impressive building. At the time when the Berlin Wall was still standing there were some passages with heavily armed troops, facing each other. The border was controlled seriously but today the Checkpoint Charlie is a rather small guard house reminding of this time and one can just hardly imagine how it looked then. Parts of the Berlin Wall can be found all over the city, some of them with ancient watch towers and other barricades. There are tours going by bike to some of the most interesting parts of the wall and there is a guide telling about the touching stories of this time. The Denkmal für die Ermordung der Juden remind of the Nazi era and the millions of people that died then. It is one of the most touching and impressing places of Berlin. Some 2,700 stone squares are placed on the area and if going through them looking up to the sky it is a really unique feeling. The Jewish Museum is also very interesting. The Bundestag as seat of the German government and the surrounding political buildings are also worth a visit. You get a great glimpse to the city from the glass dome on top of the building. More sights are the Kurfürstendamm, the Botanical and Zoological Garden, the Castle Bellevue, the Castle Charlottenburg, the Palast der Republik and many more.


people of non-German nationality from around


countries live in the 12 districts of Berlin.

Berlin is split in 12 urban districts and each of them has its own history and many of them have different cultural backgrounds.

Exploring Berlin takes a lot of time and even if you think you know everything there’s something new coming along. The life in the capital is never boring and there is always something to do or to explore.

Berlin population statistics

Berlin population statistics, since 1880 (source: Wikipedia)

Historical Note

Berlin was the capital of Prussia until 1945 and the capital of Germany between 1871 and 1945 and again since the reunification of Germany on October 3, 1990. (The German parliament, called Bundestag, and the German government moved from Bonn to Berlin in 1999.) Between 1949 and 1990, it was divided into East Berlin, the capital of the German Democratic Republic, and West Berlin. It was divided by the Berlin Wall between August 13, 1961, and November 9, 1989.